99% of calcium is stored in our bones and teeth. It’s considered an abundant mineral for our body by helping our teeth and bone formation, maintaining the strength of the skeleton, assisting in muscles movement, nerves transmitter, blood flow and releasing hormones and enzymes for body functions.
What are the benefits and side effects of calcium on women?The key to grow new bone and keep your bone strong is calcium. A balanced amount of calcium in the body, prevents from osteoporosis “weak bones-easily breakable bones”. Doctors use Calcium to control the levels of magnesium, potassium and phosphorus in the blood. Also, it plays very important role according to research in controlling high blood pressure, PMS symptoms and preventing cancers; especially when having balanced vitamin D, may help to protect women from breast cancer. Calcium depositions increase the first 30 years of our life and then slowly decrease with age. Therefore, sufficient calcium intake is required to peak bone mass and reduce bone loss late in life which “can lead to fractures and osteoporosis”. Women in their postmenopausal period, “breakdown of the bone exceed bone formation resulting in bone loss and increase the risk of osteoporosis over time, this is another time calcium intake should increase in the body”.
What’s the right amount of calcium intake?Studies suggest the highest amount a person can take is (UL) of calcium, is 2,500 mg a day for adults ages 20–50, and kids ages 9–19 should take 3,000 mg per day. And for older adults ages 51 and up, the amount per day should be 2,000 mg. Excessive intake above the Upper limit amount such as 4,000 mg per day can result in constipation and bloating and more. Such as,
- Kidney damage
- Milk-alkali syndrome
- Vascular and soft tissue calcification
- Kidney stones